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The human body can simultaneously be a cannonball and a spiderweb in terms of its complexity of movement. Kinesiology is the study of this human flesh in motion.
Those who study kinesiology particularly focus on: the cause and effect of movement, how a particular movement affects the body, how we learn certain movement skills, and other topics relating to motion, muscular exertion and force. Because of this, the subject is also known as human kinetics.
In many universities and institutes, kinesiology is studied as a part of the academic calendar with focus on causes, processes as well as consequences of certain physical activities. The study not only involves the general population but also takes special groups like physically disabled and people belonging to the senior age group into consideration. These studies are useful in various fields of science, arts, and humanities.
There are multiple applications of kinesiology and they include orthopedics, biomechanics, rehabilitation methodology, conditioning of muscles, exercise and sports, psychology of sports and other similar fields.
The key principle of kinesiology is adaption through practice and conditioning.
Athletes that perform well in tournaments and other events are those who have practiced their muscles to the point it becomes natural and involuntary for them to perform certain demanding physical processes.
General exercise and fitness is a convention based on these very principles and regular exercise with conditioning and kinesiology in mind has been found to create a profound impact.
The "adaption through practice" principle is a very useful one in the treatment of many movement disorders and musculoskeletal conditions.
Neuroplasticity is another key principle of kinesiology and basically describes how movement of the body is related to the brain, how certain physical movements affect the changes in the brain and how these two are related to each other.
This is an important principle which gives a precise and very informed description of how the brain learns a new motor skill. It is also a key component in determining various facts about the learning and adaptation mechanisms of the nervous system.
Another key principle involved in kinesiology is motor redundancy. This principle, on a very basic level, states that for any given task, the nervous system can come up with infinitely many ways to do it.
One cannot accurately predict how the nervous system will respond and create a neural solution to any given body kinetic task. This is an important principle in understanding how adaptable the nervous system can be and to appreciate the innate power of the brain.
The most important field of application of kinesiology is in health care, health service, and recovery. Several techniques learned during the study of kinesiology are applied to understand recovery and improve the health of people.
Kinesiologists working in the health promotion industry work with individuals to enhance their health and help them become stronger and fitter while those working in rehabilitation sector assist in quick and stable recovery.